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qt-everywhere-opensource安装qt和qt-embedded 4.6.3

作者:  时间: 2010-09-07
2010年07月15日

   Qt:qt-everywhere-opensource-src-4.6.0.tar.gz

  嵌入式平台:2440

  arm-linux-gcc:4.1.2,下载(我用4.3.2和4.4.1版本时,移植时都有段错误。我把它放在:/usr/local/arm/4.1.2/ 。)

  将 qt-everywhere-opensource-src-4.6.0.tar.gz 压缩包解压为3份,分别编译 PC ,嵌入式 x86 和 arm 三个版本。

  1. 编译 PC 版:

  $ ./configure

  $ make

  # make install

  2. 编译嵌入式x86版:

  $ ./configure -embedded x86 -qt-gfx-qvfb -qt-kbd-qvfb -qt-mouse-qvfb

  $ make

  # make install

  编译安装PC版中的 qvfb:

  $ cd ***/qt-everywhere-opensource-src-4.6.0/tools/qvfb

  $ make

  # cp ***/qt-everywhere-opensource-src-4.6.0/bin/qvfb /usr/local/Trolltech/QtEmbedded-4.6.0/bin

  3. 编译嵌入式arm版(需要 arm-linux-gcc 的支持):

  编译tslib对触摸屏支持:

  下载,tslib1.4.tar.gz,解压后:

  $ ./configure --prefix=/usr/local/tslib/ --host=arm-linux ac_cv_func_malloc_0_nonnull=yes

  $ make

  # make install

  设置环境变量,以便编译时找到相关的库:

   $ export CPLUS_INCLUDE_PATH=/usr/local/arm/4.1.2/arm-angstrom-linux-gnueabi/include/c++:/usr/local/arm/4.1.2/arm-angstrom-linux-gnueabi/include/c++/arm-angstro m-linux-gnueabi

  配置:

  $ ./configure \

  -opensource \

  -confirm-license \

  -release -shared \

  -embedded arm \

  -xplatform qws/linux-arm-g++ \

  -depths 16,18,24 \

  -fast \

  -optimized-qmake \

  -pch \

  -qt-sql-sqlite \

  -qt-libjpeg \

  -qt-zlib \

  -qt-libpng \

  -qt-freetype \

  -little-endian -host-little-endian \

  -no-qt3support \

  -no-libtiff -no-libmng \

  -no-opengl \

  -no-mmx -no-sse -no-sse2 \

  -no-3dnow \

  -no-openssl \

  -no-webkit \

  -no-qvfb \

  -no-phonon \

  -no-nis \

  -no-opengl \

  -no-cups \

  -no-glib \

  -no-xcursor -no-xfixes -no-xrandr -no-xrender \

  -no-separate-debug-info \

  -nomake examples -nomake tools -nomake docs \

  -qt-mouse-tslib -I/usr/local/tslib/include -L/usr/local/tslib/lib

  配置结果:

  Debug ............... no

  Qt 3 compatibility .. no

  QtDBus module ....... no

  QtConcurrent code.... yes

  QtScript module ..... yes

  QtScriptTools module yes

  QtXmlPatterns module no

  Phonon module ....... no

  Multimedia module ... yes

  SVG module .......... yes

  WebKit module ....... no

  Declarative module .. no

  STL support ......... no

  PCH support ......... yes

  MMX/3DNOW/SSE/SSE2.. no/no/no/no

  iWMMXt support ...... no

  IPv6 support ........ yes

  IPv6 ifname support . yes

  getaddrinfo support . yes

  getifaddrs support .. yes

  Accessibility ....... yes

  NIS support ......... no

  CUPS support ........ no

  Iconv support ....... no

  Glib support ........ no

  GStreamer support ... auto

  Large File support .. yes

  GIF support ......... plugin

  TIFF support ........ no

  JPEG support ........ plugin (qt)

  PNG support ......... yes (qt)

  MNG support ......... no

  zlib support ........ yes

  Session management .. no

  Embedded support .... arm

  Freetype2 support ... yes

  Graphics (qt) ....... linuxfb multiscreen

  Graphics (plugin) ...

  Decorations (qt) .... styled windows default

  Decorations (plugin)

  Keyboard driver (qt). tty

  Keyboard driver (plugin)

  Mouse driver (qt) ... pc linuxtp tslib

  Mouse driver (plugin)

  OpenGL support ...... no

  OpenVG support ...... no

  SQLite support ...... qt (qt)

  OpenSSL support ..... no

  alsa support ........ yes

  编译:$ make

  如果出错:

   /usr/local/arm/4.1.2/bin/../lib/gcc/arm-angstrom-l inux-gnueabi/4.1.2/../../../../arm-angstrom-linux-g nueabi/bin/ld: warning: libts-0.0.so.0, needed by /home/stillwater/4.1.2/qt-everywhere-opensource-sr c-4.6.0/lib/libQtGui.so, not found (try using -rpath or -rpath-link)

  /home/stillwater/4.1.2/qt-everywhere-opensource-sr c-4.6.0/lib/libQtGui.so: undefined reference to `ts_read_raw'

  /home/stillwater/4.1.2/qt-everywhere-opensource-sr c-4.6.0/lib/libQtGui.so: undefined reference to `ts_open'

  /home/stillwater/4.1.2/qt-everywhere-opensource-sr c-4.6.0/lib/libQtGui.so: undefined reference to `ts_fd'

  /home/stillwater/4.1.2/qt-everywhere-opensource-sr c-4.6.0/lib/libQtGui.so: undefined reference to `ts_config'

  /home/stillwater/4.1.2/qt-everywhere-opensource-sr c-4.6.0/lib/libQtGui.so: undefined reference to `ts_close'

  /home/stillwater/4.1.2/qt-everywhere-opensource-sr c-4.6.0/lib/libQtGui.so: undefined reference to `ts_read'

  collect2: ld returned 1 exit status

  make[2]: *** [deform] Error 1

  make[2]: Leaving directory `/home/stillwater/4.1.2/qt-everywhere-opensource-s rc-4.6.0/demos/deform'

  make[1]: *** [sub-deform-make_default] Error 2

  make[1]: Leaving directory `/home/stillwater/4.1.2/qt-everywhere-opensource-s rc-4.6.0/demos'

  make: *** [sub-demos-make_default-ordered] Error 2

  解决办法:

  修改qt-everywhere-opensource-src-4.6.0/mkspecs/qws/lin ux-arm-g++/qmake.conf 文件(添加lts参数):

  QMAKE_CC = arm-linux-gcc -lts

  QMAKE_CXX = arm-linux-g++ -lts

  QMAKE_LINK = arm-linux-g++ -lts

  QMAKE_LINK_SHLIB = arm-linux-g++ -lts

   参考:http://74.125.153.132 /search?q=cache:3WzcJeRRj4sJ:nckuhuahua.pixnet.net /blog/post/30066956+libQtGui.so:+undefined+referenc e+to+%60ts_read%27&cd=3&hl=en&ct=clnk&client=icewea sel-a

  添加环境变量:# export PATH=/usr/local/arm/4.1.2/bin:$PATH

  安装:# make install-strip

  安装完成后,在 /usr/local/Trolltech 目录中有三个文件夹:Qt-4.6.0、QtEmbedded-4.6.0、QtEmbedded-4.6.0-arm。

  测试嵌入式 x86 :

  $ source ~/.setenv-qt-x86.sh

  $ qvfb -width 800 -height 600 &

  $ /usr/local/Trolltech/QtEmbedded-4.6.0/demos/books/ books -qws

  4、编写环境变量设置文件(方便不同环境切换):

  PC 机的~/.bashrc 中添加:

  export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/arm/4.1.2/bin

  ~/.setenv-qt-x11.sh(对应于PC版Qt):

  PATH=/usr/local/Trolltech/Qt-4.6.0/bin:$PATH

  LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/Trolltech/Qt-4.6.0/lib: $LD_LIBRARY_PATH

  CPLUS_INCLUDE_PATH=

  ~/.setenv-qt-x86.sh:

  QTEDIR=/usr/local/Trolltech/QtEmbedded-4.6.0

  PATH=/usr/local/Trolltech/QtEmbedded-4.6.0/bin:$PA TH

  LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/Trolltech/QtEmbedded-4. 6.0/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH

  ~/.setenv-qt-arm.sh:

  QTEDIR=/usr/local/Trolltech/QtEmbedded-4.6.0-arm

  PATH=/usr/local/Trolltech/QtEmbedded-4.6.0-arm/bin :$PATH

  LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/Trolltech/QtEmbedded-4. 6.0-arm/lib:$LD_LIBRARY_PATH

   CPLUS_INCLUDE_PATH=/usr/local/arm/4.1.2/arm-angstr om-linux-gnueabi/include/c++:/usr/local/arm/4.1.2/a rm-angstrom-linux-gnueabi/include/c++/arm-angstrom- linux-gnueabi:$CPLUS_INCLUDE_PATH

  5、移植

  将 PC 机上 /usr/local/Trolltech/QtEmbedded-4.6.0-arm/lib 中的库复制到2440的 /usr/local/Trolltech/QtEmbedded-4.6.0-arm/lib(对应目录复制)。

  将 PC 机上 /usr/local/tslib 中的库复制到2440的 /usr/local 。

  如果运行时还缺少其他的库,复制方法相同。

  为支持触摸屏,开机自动设置环境变量,在2440的 /etc/profile中追加:

  export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=/usr/local/lib:$QTDIR/lib:$LD_LIBR ARY_PATH

  export TSLIB_ROOT=/usr/local/lib

  export TSLIB_TSDEVICE=/dev/input/event0

  export TSLIB_FBDEVICE=/dev/fb0

  export TSLIB_PLUGINDIR=/usr/local/lib/ts

  export TSLIB_CONSOLEDEVICE=none

  export TSLIB_CONFFILE=/usr/local/etc/ts.conf

  export POINTERCAL_FILE=/etc/pointercal

  export TSLIB_CALIBFILE=/etc/pointercal

  export QWS_MOUSE_PROTO=Tslib:/dev/input/event0

  注:可用$ cat /dev/input/event0 测试触摸屏

  取消/usr/local/etc/ts.conf中的第一个注释:

  # module_raw input (去掉#,并且该行顶格)

  运行 /usr/local/bin/ts_calibrate 校正触摸屏。

  6、程序编译:

  PC版:

  $ make distclean

  $ source ~/.setenv-qt-x11.sh

  $ qmake

  $ make

  arm 版:

  $ make distclean

  $ source ~/.setenv-qt-arm.sh

  $ qmake

  $ make

  参考:

  http://blog.ednchina.com/gurongjiang/352778/Messag e.aspx